The Toyota Camry XV10 is a mid-sized vehicle introduced by the Japanese automaker in 1991. The car was launched in North America and Japan on the same time, while it was introduced in Australia in 1997. The XV10 series was in fact the third generation model of the original Camry that was sold in the markets other than Japan. In Japan, the vehicle took a different lineage. Depending on the engine specifications, the Camry XV10 series was divided into different model codes. For instance, the 4-cylinder models receive the SXV20/SDV10 codes, 6-cylinder models designated as VCV10 and the following 6-cylinder models in North America only as MCV10
The iteration of Camry XV10 in the Japanese market was marketed as Toyota Scepter. The fact behind using different nameplate for the XV10 Camry in Japan was the Camry name was already taken by a smaller version of the same car.
The XV10 Camry was marketed under three different names in the Australian automobile market. The first being the Camry itself, there was a version marketed under name as the Holden Apollo that was developed as a part of model sharing arrangement between the Toyota and GM Holden. The third one was another version of 6-cylinder Camry that was marketed by Toyota from 1995 on as the Toyota Vienta.
The all new V30 Camry replaced the compact V20 in Japanese market. The V30 was slightly larger than the previous V20 and hence required to meet the Japanese tax regulations. In order to comply with the “number five” compact car tax bracket, the V30 Camry needed to be 1,700-millimetre (66.9 inch) in width and 4,700-millimetre (185.0 inch) in length. This narrower model failed to attract the customers in the American market and eventually it was decided to design a new rather wider Camry an eventually XV10 Camry was developed. In 1991, the XV10 Camry was launched in American market while XV10 Camry was still to be sold alongside V30 in the Japanese market as Toyota Scepter.
Toyota XV10 Camry was considered as the first in Camry lineup that entered into the large car market, the market Toyota announced as “world-sized”. It was the time when the subcompact Corolla shifted to the compact class, while the Camry shifted to the mid-sized class of vehicles. Toyota Scepter was regarded as the transformation of smaller vehicle into a larger as well as comfy family car.
A 2.2-L 5S-FE 4-cylinder engine was used in the basic versions of XV10 Camry. However, V20 and V30 Camry were offered with 2.0-L engine. The 2.2-L 5S-FE 4-cylinder engine generated 130 hp (97 kW) and torque of 197 Nm (145 lb-ft). However, these figures may differ contingent upon different markets. With the V6 engines, the company offered more power and displacement. The 3.0-L 3VZ-FE engine produced an impressive 185 hp (138 kW) and torque of 195 lb-ft (264 Nm). In 1994, the North American version received a new aluminum 1MZ-FE V6 engine, while the rest of the markets stick to 3VZ-FE V6. With this new engine, the car achieved 190 hp (140 kW) and 203 lb-ft (275 Nm) of torque.