In 1980, Toyota introduced its 4-door hardtop, rear-wheel drive Toyota Cresta. Toyota Cresta chassis was similar to the Mark II, Cressida and Chaser. The idea behind designing and developing the Cresta was to offer a vehicle with high-end luxurious comfort in contrast to the Mark II. The Cresta with its two-tone paint and interior enhancements appeared to be the same as Cressida in the international market. The automobile market saw the five generations of Cresta before it production was discontinued in 2000 as a result of its mergence with the Chaser resulting in a sportier luxury vehicle, called Verossa.
The Cresta took its inspiration from the Vauxhall Cresta, designed and manufactured for the British market.
X50-X60 Series (1980-1984)
In April 1980, the first production model of Cresta was introduced. The aim behind the production of Cresta was to offer the customers a luxury sedan but within the Japanese government regulations to avoid heavy taxes. For this purpose, the Cresta received an engine with displacement of 2000 cc, while the dimensions fall as 4.7 m (15.4 feet) in length, 1.7 m (5.6 feet) width and 2 m (6.6 feet) height. The trim levels offered were Super Lucent, Super Touring, Super Deluxe, Super Custom, and Custom. The vehicle was powered by SOHC 2.0-L M-EU engine mated to an automatic transmission and 2.0-L 1G-EU straight-six engine. Both these engines were also used the luxurious Crown. Nissan Laurel was its big competitor at that time.
X70 Series (1984-1988)
On March 8, 1984, the X70-series was released that shared its platform with the Mark II as well as some styling features. It was still offered as a hardtop. The previous 2.0-L engine was upgraded to 2.4-L. In 1985, along with some styling features, new twin turbo 1G-GTEU was also added together with the GT Twin Turbo trim level.
Honda launched a new competitor to Cresta in 1986 as Legend.
X80 series (1988-1992)
The X80 series of Cresta was introduced on March 8, 1988 by Toyota. The Super Lucent G, one of the best models in the lineup received a supercharger with 1G-GZE engine. The rear suspension was upgraded to independent one in January 1989. The traction control system and anti-lock brakes were introduced in August 1989. The X80 series also shared 1JZ-GE and 1JZ-GTE engines with Chaser.
X90 series (1992-1996)
The X90 series was introduced in 1992. The vehicle grew in size and received some new trim levels that were in resemblance with its sister vehicles such as the Mark II and the Chaser. The X90 series was not considered as the compact car under the Japanese government regulations. The vehicle was offered in four trim levels including SC, Suffire, Super Lucent and Tourer.
X100 series (1996-2001)
The X100 series was launched in September 1996. The car received minor changes and modifications in August 1998 in the form of new larger grille and horizontal tail lamps. The car also received a 2.0-L (1G-FE) VVT-i engine.
The production of Cresta was stopped in 2001 with a launch of its short lived successor Verossa, a merge of Cresta and Chaser.