A subcompact and compact vehicle first appeared in 1966. It is one of the popular vehicles across the world that Toyota has ever produced. The Corolla had already been declared the best-selling nameplate with more than 35 million units sold in 1997 for the year 2007.an interesting fact suggests that one unit of Corolla has been sold on average every 40 seconds since it appeared the first time. Since its appearance in 1966, the Corolla has been experienced a lot of redesigning and modifications.
The selection of the nameplate Corolla is Toyota’s traditional way to use Crown name for primary models, for instance, the Corona is taken from the Latin for crown; the Corolla is taken from Latin for small crown; while Camry is an anglicized form of the Japanese word ‘kanmuri’ for crown.
The Corolla is assembled and manufactured in several different regions of the world including Japan, Brazil (Indaiatuba, São Paulo), Canada (Cambridge, Ontario), China (Tianjin), India (Bangalore), Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, South Africa (Durban), Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom (Derbyshire) and Venezuela. It was also manufactured in Australia (Victoria) in the past. The production of Corolla discontinued in United States (Fremont, California) in March 2010.
In Toyota’s chassis and engine codes, the designation code of Corolla is ‘E’. In the past, the models were mostly rear-wheel drive; however, later the Corolla began coming as front-wheel drive and even offered as four-wheel drive as well.
Toyota built a rather upmarket version of Corolla called Sprinter that was made solely for Japanese market. In 2001, the Allex took the place of Sprinter. Allex was then replaced by Blade in 2009.
Over the years, Toyota has produced a number of different models such as Corolla Ceres (and Sprinter Marino) hardtop, Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno sports coupes and hatchbacks and the Corolla FX hatchback, later became Corolla RunX, whereas the Sprinter turned into the Allex with the introduction of the ZZE128 Corolla. In 2006, Auris replaced the RunX and Allex. Auris is popular as Corolla in the regions other than Japan. Other worth mentioning versions include a compact MPV, Corolla Verso (European), of which Corolla Spacio is Japanese equivalent. In US market, Corolla Rumion is marketed as Scion xB.
The Corolla Matrix, a hatchback/sport wagon is another alternative version commonly known as Matrix and based on E120 and E140 platforms. General Motors also produced a badged version of Matrix as Pontiac Vibe. Earlier it was exported to Japan from US where it was reassembled as Toyota Voltz.
There have been many rebadged version sold all across the world, for instance, 1980s Holden Nova Australia and Sprinter-based Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Prizm and Geo Prizm by General Motors. Similarly, Corolla liftback (TE72) of Toyota Australia was sold under the badge of T-18. This five-door liftback was sold in Australia under the nameplate of Corolla Seca.
Using the Corolla Name
In 1980, Toyota launched its front-wheel drive, the Tercel commonly known as Corolla Tercel at the time and got its own name in 1984. Corolla II hatchback was designed on Tercel’s chassis.