Since 1982, the Japanese automaker Nissan has been producing a supermini vehicle called the Nissan Micra. It is known sold in Asian markets as Nissan March, while in Latin America it is marketed as Nissan Micra.
First generation (1982–1992)
The first generation Micra was launched with a chassis code of K10 in October 1982. Nissan Micra had a competition with the popular Honda City. The Micra was launched with an intention to replace the Nissan Cherry so as to have a competitor in supermini market. In 1983, the Micra was got into the European market followed by its introduction in Canadian market in 1984. In its early years, the Micra was offered with all-aluminum MA10S SOHC engine.
Larger rear lamp clusters were introduced in 1985. In the same year, the first Micra Turbo/MA10ET was introduced in which Nissan implanted the turbocharger to the small 1.0-L engine. The Micra was once again facelifted in March 1989 that featured some minor changes such as deep bumpers, a new front grille, minor interior details and headlight changes. An Electronically controlled carburetor, the larger MA12 1.2-L engine rated at 60 PS (44 kW/59 hp) and a 5-door hatchback version was also introduced in this facelifted model.
Second Generation (1992–2003)
Micra K11 (1992–1997)
The second generation Micra was introduced with a chassis code of K11 in 1992. In Europe, it was introduced in late 1992. It was offered with two engine options including an all-new aluminum 1.0-L CG10DE and 1.3-L CG13DE DOHC 16-vlave engine with an output of 55 PS DIN (40 kW; 54 hp) and 75 PS (55 kW; 75 bhp) respectively. Both the engines featured an Electronic Concentrated Control System (ECCS).
A first facelift model was introduced in 1998 which made the power steering a standard feature throughout the entire range. During the same time, the Peugeot-sourced 1.5-L TUD5 Diesel engine was introduced in the Western European series.
Micra K11C (1997–2003)
A new facelift model was introduced in last quarter of 1997 designated as K11C that remained in production until 2003.
Some of the changes that this facelift version received include: a renewed front grille and headlights, redesigned front and rear bumpers, oval-shaped side repeater indicators, minor changes to internal controls, slightly desaturated colors on the rear light lenses, a redesigned rear wiper which rests horizontally rather than vertically, the centre high level brake lamp being reduced in size and mounted at the top of the rear window, and a radio aerial repositioned from the top of the right-hand A-pillar to the middle of the roof towards the rear.
Third Generation (2002–2010)
Micra K12 (2002–2007)
The third generation Micra was introduced in 2002 at the Paris Motor Show as Nissan MM Concept with chassis code of K12. It went on sale in Japanese market in mid-2002 followed by its introduction in European market in last half of 2002. The third generation Micra received an extensive redesigning. Its new 70 mm longer wheelbase was built in collaboration with Renault. It featured curvier exterior styling, taller and wider at the same time. Three different engine variants were available including: a 1.2-L (CR12DE) and 1.4-L (CR14DE) petrol models, and a Renault-sourced 1.5 diesel unit (K9K). All these engines were mated to a conventional automatic transmission rather than previously offered automatic CVT transmission.
Micra K12C (2007–2010)
The facelift version of third generation Micra was released in 2007 designated as K12C. It was offered with a range of cosmetic changes. The racing grille used in K12 160SR was made standard on all models. The front headlights were rearranged and the chrome-based grilles were introduced housing the indicators. The interior received a new seat fabric design and dashboard was incorporated with instruments and enhancements taken from other Nissan’s models. Some additional features were: an audible speed warning, Bluetooth connectivity with the vehicle and reversing sensors.
Fourth generation (2010–present)
The fourth generation Micra was first revealed on October 1, 2009 as W02A. Later, Nissan designated it as K13. Micra K13 made its official debut at the Geneva Auto Show on March 2, 2010. According to Nissan, the fourth generation Micra will be produced in five countries out of which four are confirmed yet including: Thailand for the Japanese, Hong Kong, Macau, South-East Asian and Australian markets; India for the Indian, European, Middle Eastern and African markets; China for the Mainland China market; Mexico for Mexican, Central American, South American and Caribbean markets.
It used the Nissan’s new Type-V platform and powered by a new 1.2-L HR12DE (XH5) 3-cylinder engine, generating 59 kW (79 hp) and 108 Nm (80 lb-ft) of torque. According to Nissan, future models can have HR15DE, HR12DDR and HR10DDT.
Nissan Micra is often sold as Nissan Versa in many countries. The second generation versa was introduced in 2011 at the New York Auto Show. Instead of using the Tiida platform, the Versa will now marketed as the badge engineered version of the new Micra sedan and Micra hatchback. It receives a 1.6-L petrol engine rated at 80 kW (109 hp) and torque of 145 Nm (107 lb-ft).