Nissan manufactured a five-door hatchback electric car named as the Nissan Leaf and launched in Japan and the U.S in December 2010 (which also designated “LEAF’ is an abbreviation for leading, environmentally friendly, affordable and a family car). 117 km (73 miles) is the official range of the U.S Environmental Protection Agency, having 765kJ/km (34 kWh per 100 miles) force consumption and paced the Leaf’s jointed fuel economy at 99 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent. The Nissan ranged 175 km (109 mi) on the New European Driving Cycle.
The individual customers of Japan and United States started receiving deliveries in December 2010, February 2011 in Ireland and in the U.K in March 2011. Portugal cooperate customers delivered in December 2010 and its sales started to individual in the beginning of 2011. In Netherlands schedule of sale to individual commence in June 2011 which was followed by Switzerland, Spain, and France, and planned for 2012 with worldwide accessibility. As Nissan’s initial availability was limited in amount so select markets and clients who made online reluctance. In 2011 the accessibility will be boosted by the second quarter and for 2012 U.S planned their production. In the end of July 2011 the global trades achieved 10,100 units.
In Japan the retail prices of the 2011 Leaf begins at ¥3.76 million and US$32,780 in the United States. In the United Kingdom the price is GB£30,990 and other six European countries around €35,000 to be launched first. The price of the battery package also comprises the prices. Most of the countries apply tax inducements for suitable customers which lessen the cost of purchase less the trade price listed by Nissan.
The Nissan Leaf, as an electric automobile creates no pollution or greenhouse gas discharge at the point of operation, and decreases its reliance on petroleum. The Nissan Leaf won the 2010 Green Car Vision Award, the 2011 European Car of the Year award, the 2011 World Car of the Year among other awards and appreciations and finally earned the status of the most competent EPA certified automobile for all fuels ever.
History of Development
Nissan’s first battery electric vehicle, the Nissan Altra at the Los Angeles International Auto Show introduced on 29 December 1997. The production of the Altra EV started between 1998 and 2002, about 200 cars were produced and companies such as electric utilities used it mainly as a fleet vehicle.
The EV-11 archetype electric car was based on the Nissan Tiida (Versa in North America) unveiled in 2009, but electric drive train which included an 80 kW (110 hp)/Nm (210 1b-ft) electric motor replaced the conventional gasoline engine, 24 kWh lithium-ion battery pack set to achieve the range of 175 kilometers (109 miles) on the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s LA-4 or “city” driving cycle, navigation system, and remote control and monitoring through a cell phone connection by means of Nissan’s secure data center to the car.
The EV-01 and EV-02 test cars developed being tested and developed the technology in the EV-11 used Nissan Cube (Z11) as a development mule which was made with an all-electric power train. On July 26, 2009, the EV-11model was displayed. Nissan unveiled its production version on August 2, 2009 at Yokohama headquarters and in the end of 2010 assured to start its trade in both North American and Japanese market.