Nissan Cedric

Zaheer July 16, 2011 0

In 1960, Nissan introduced its large vehicle called the Nissan Cedric. The Cedric was introduced to compete with the then Prince Skyline and Gloria which were later merged into the Nissan. After the merger, the Nissan Skyline came out to be a sports sedan/coupe, while the Nissan Gloria appeared as a sporty version of the Cedric. The Cedric/Gloria series was commonly known as Cedglo in Japan and the production was ceased in October 2004 when Nissan Fuga took its place in the market. The name Cedric is still used on the fleet vehicle Y31. The Nissan Cedric had a competition with Toyota Crown.

The name Cedric was an inspiration of Nissan CEO, Katsuji Kawamata taken from the main character of Francis Hodgson Burnett’s novel ‘Little Lord Fauntleroy’.

First Generation 30

In March 1960, the first Cedric was introduced as 30 series. It remained in production for the next two years until 1962. The company introduced Cedric in a wide range of models, such as the Cedric 1500 DeLuxe and Standard (30), Cedric 1900 Deluxe (D30, powered by the 1.9 L Nissan H engine), Cedric 1900 Custom (G30, also powered by the Nissan H engine), Cedric Van (V30, six-seater) and the Cedric Wagon (WP30, eight-seater). The 4-speed manual transmission was available as standard while a 3-speed manual was offered in all 1900 versions. The Standard model came equipped with 1.5-L (1488 cc) G-series I4 engine rated at 71 PS (52 kW). The 1.9-L engine was offered as an option.

31 series was also a part of first generation Cedric produced between 1962 and 1965. From 1963 to 1965, a Cedric Special 50 was also appeared.

Second Generation 130

The P130 Cedric was introduced with stylish Pininfarina bodywork in 1965 and remained in production until 1971. A wide range of engine options were available. It was the generation that featured the Nissan’s first OHC engine, the L20.

After the merger of Nissan Motor Company and Prince Motor Company in August 1967, the company started preparing Cedric which was exported to different markets as Datsun 2000/2400.

It was offered in three body styles including: 4-door sedan, 5-door station wagon (Wagon Six from 1967, WP130, later WH130) and van (Van Six from 1968, also as Van Deluxe Six for 1970, VP130, later VH130). The trim levels available were: a four-cylinder 130, DeLuxe Six, Custom Six, Standard, Personal DeLuxe Six, Standard Diesel and Special Six. By 1967, there were 68 model variations available for Cedric.

The 2.0-L (1,983 cc) H20 OHV I4; 2.0-L (1,973 cc) J20 OHV I6; 2.0-L (1,998 cc) L20 OHC I6; 2.0-L (1,998 cc) L20 OHC twin-carb I6; 2.3-L (2,263 cc) L23 OHC I6; 2.4-L (2,393 cc) L24 OHC I6 and 2.2-L (1,991 cc) SD20 OHV Diesel I4 were the different engine options available.

Third Generation 230

Nissan launched the 230 series in 1971. For the third generation Cedric, the name pate Cedric was discontinued in many export markets and sold as Datsun 200C, 220C, 240C, and 260C. It was available as 4-door sedan and wagon versions. A 2-door coupe was added later in a response to Toyota Crown coupe.

The 230 received front disc brakes as standard equipment. A 4-door hardtop sedan was also introduced as an option in August 1972. After the April 1973 emission regulations, the 3.0-l engine was replaced with 2.6-L to comply with latest emission standards. The 2600 GX, Custom 2600 DX and DX were the three trim levels available.

Different engine options were 2.0-L (1982 cc) H20 OHV I4; 2.0-L (1991 cc) SD20 OHV Diesel I4; 2.0-L (1998 cc) L20A OHC I6; 2.2-L (2164 cc) SD22 OHV Diesel I4; 2.4-L (2393 cc) L24 OHC I6; and 2.6-L (2565 cc) L26 OHC I6.

Fourth Generation 330

Nissan introduced the fourth generation 330 series Cedric in 1976. It was marketed under different names including Gloria, 200C, 220C, 260C and 280C. It remained in production until 1979.

The diesel engine made a comeback as Diesel DX. Different trim levels offered were the Deluxe, Custom Deluxe, GL, GL-E, SGL, SGL-E, 2800SGL and 2800SGL-E where SG refers to Senior Grade and E stands for fuel injection. The different engine options were: 2.0-L (1982 cc) H20 OHV I4; 2.0-L (1991 cc) SD20 OHV Diesel I4; 2.0-L (1998 cc) L20A OHC I6; 2.2-L (2164 cc) SD22 OHV Diesel I4; 2.4-L (2393 cc) L24 OHC I6; 2.6-L (2565 cc) L26 OHC I6 (1976–1978); and 2.8-L (2753 cc) L28 OHC I6 (1978–1979).

By October 1977, I million units of Cedric were produced.

Fifth Generation 430

The fifth generation Cedric was introduced in 1979. Although, most of the engines were taken from the previous generation, some export markets received a 2.8-L L28 OHC I6 or LD28 diesel version sold as Datsun 280C. The 2.2-L diesel engine was still offered in Hong Kong and Singapore for cabs in the form of Datsun 220C. In 1982, fuel injection was introduced.

In December 1979, the 2.0-L turbocharged L20ET was introduced in Japanese market and the SGL-F trim was offered in April 1981 with turbocharged engine. The Bluebird-based Nissan Leopard luxury sports coupe replaced the 2-door coupe version. The 430 series Cedric was also assembled in Taiwan and marketed as Yue Loong Cedric.

Sixth Generation Y30

Nissan launched the sixth generation Y30 Cedric in 1984. It was powered by 3.0-L (2960 cc) VG30E V6 engine. However, it was offered with diesel engine in cabs for Japanese, Singapore and Hog Kong markets. The Y30 offered in Taiwan was sold as Yue Loong Cedric 811 powered by 2.0-L 4-cylinder or the Cedric 830 powered by 3.0-L VG30 6-cylinder engine.

Y30 also featured an upgraded front suspension with MacPherson strut, while sonic modified suspension was an option. The VG series V6, an inspired version of the Alfa Romeo design was also launched. The sedan and the 4-door hardtop are other variants. In June 1984, Brougham VIP was released with trim levels including Turbo Brougham VIP and the Turbo Brougham.

Seventh Generation Y31

The Y31 was introduced in 1987 as sedan and hardtop versions for private use. The car remained in production until 1991. Nissan offered its Nissan Cedric with world’s first full range electronically controlled 5-speed automatic transmission in June 1989. The VG20DET also entertained with an intercooler in similar year increasing its output to 210 PS (154 KW) from 185 PS (136 kW).

Standard, Custom, Super Custom, Classic, Classic SV, and Brougham VIP were the different trim levels available. Different engine options were: 2.0-L VG20E (VG20P LPG version until 2007.07); 2.0-L VG20DET (turbocharged); 3.0-L VG30E; 3.0-L VG30DE (DOHC); 3.0-L VG30DET (turbocharged); 2.0-L RB20P 6-cylinder LPG; 2.0-L CA20P 4-cylinder LPG; 2.0-L NA20P/PE 4-cylinder LPG; 2.5 L TD25 4-cylinder diesel (Asian exports only); 2.7 L TD27 4-cylinder diesel (Asian exports only, until 2000); 2.8 L RD28 diesel, 94 PS (69 kW) at 4,800 rpm; and 2.8 L RD28E diesel, 100 PS (74 kW) at 4,800 rpm.

Eighth Generation Y32

It was offered only as hardtop version designed to target the private users. It was a redesigned version of Y31 model. The Y31 and Y32 remained in production together with an aim to target both commercial and institutional users. The Y32 was launched in June 1991 and remained in production until 1994. It was available with SOHC and DOHC VG series V6 engine versions as well as with an inline-six Diesel 2.8 version. Y32 was never offered as top of the line model, so 4-cylinder engine was never offered in it.

Granturismo and Brougham versions were also added in the lineup with 2.0-L 6-cylinder version. The other engine options available for Y32 were 2.0-L VG20E, 3.0-L VG30E, 3.0-L VG30DE, 3.0-L VG30DET, and 2.8-L RD28.

Ninth Generation Y33

The Y33 Cedric was launched by Nissan Motors in June 1999. For Y33, the VG engine series was dropped and a new VQ series was introduced. VQ series had an advantage of having aluminum blocks and heads which means reduction in overall weight. All wheel drive ATTESTA E-TS was offered as an option for Skyline, Laurel and Stagea. The Y33 Cedric was also assembled as LHD drive for some export markets including Middle East. Majority of the export versions came equipped with VG30E engine rated at 143 PS (105 kW).

The other engines available for Y33 were: 2.0-L VQ20DE; 2.5-L VQ25DE; 3.0-L VG30E; 3.0-L VQ30DE; 3.0-L VQ30DET; and 2.8-L RD28.

Tenth Generation Y34

In 1998, the Y34 Cedric was launched by Nissan Motors. It was offered with a 250L and LV naturally aspirated 2.5-L V6, 300LV naturally aspirated 3.0-L V6, and 300LX/300VIP 3.0-L turbo V6 engines. All the V6 engines received direct injection later to reduce emissions and raise performance. All these versions were rear wheel drive. An all wheel drive and a turbocharged version of Nissan’s 2.5-L inline six-cylinder were also introduced as 250L/LV Four. All the all-wheel drive vehicles were powered by RB25DET engine. 300VIP-Z and LX-ZS trim levels featured CVT transmission.

This generation also received a satellite guided navigation system. The last hardtop Cedric was appeared in October 2004 after which Nissan Fuga took over its place in the market.

Leave A Response »