In 1994, the Japanese automaker Daihatsu introduced their off-road vehicle called the Daihatsu Rugger. It remained in production up to 2002. In many export markets, the Rugger was marketed under Daihatsu Rocky nameplate, while in United Kingdom it was sold as Daihatsu Fourtrak. There were many different names used for this vehicle in various countries which is a big reason that it is often known by its chassis code F70.
First Generation (1984-1992)
The first generation model of Rugger was launched by Daihatsu in 1994. It was released as a replacement for the earlier Daihatsu Taft. It was offered both in short-wheelbase (SWB) and long-wheelbase (LWB). The short-wheelbase versions were normally offered in a convertible soft top or removable hardtop body, while the long-wheelbase versions comprised of models with metal tops. The Rugger Wagon was a long-wheelbase version, which had the capacity to accommodate eight passengers at a time. The first generation Rugger was available with three engine choices, i.e. 88 PS (65 kW) 2.0-L with single overhead camshaft, carburetor Toyota 3Y engine and two 2.8-L diesel engine versions (i.e. 73 PS (54 kW) naturally aspirated and a 88 PS (65 kW) turbocharged engines). Both the diesel variants equipped with overhead valves. All the Rugger models were available with a standard part-time all-wheel drive system. A rebadged version was offered in Japan as Toyota Blizzard, powered by Toyota-based engine.
Second Generation (1992-2002)
In 1992, the second generation Rugger was released in the Japanese market. It was made available for export market in 1993. The second generation models were launched with an independent front suspension in place of an earlier lead sprung axles and a coil sprung rear axle. It received a relatively larger 2.2-L petrol engine with an output of 91 PS (67 kW) and a 2.8-L Turbo Diesel engine equipped with an intercooler, delivering 102 PS (75 kW). Despite its increased power, the vehicle failed to mark its strength, eventually the Daihatsu had no other option to discontinued it and focus on their smaller compact models.
The Indonesia was a big market of F70 where it was offered in a wide range of wheelbases along with several different body styles. In the Indonesian market, the F70 was sold under Daihatsu Taft, Rocky and/or Hiline names when equipped with diesel engine variants. However, the version powered by petrol engine was referred to as Feroza.
The F70 had its Italian version as well. The Italian version was known as the Bertone Freeclimber featuring Daihatsu’s mechanical features, powered by a BMW 2443 cc turbodiesel or petrol engines including 1991 cc and 2693 cc, all of which were 6-cylinders with a Bertone designed body. This top of the line off-road vehicle was first introduced in 1989 and remained in production until 1992.