Honda is the company behind the production of Acura NSX or Honda NSX in North America and Hong Kong between the year 1990 and 2005. NSX is a kind of sports car featuring a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout and equipped with an all aluminum V6 gasoline engine along with Honda’s Variable Valve Timing and Lift Electronic Control (VTEC) system.
The Italian car designer Pininfarina was assigned the duty to design the HP-X (Honda Pininfarina eXperimental) by Honda Motor Company in 1985. Honda directed the Italian designer to equip the car with a mid-mounted C20A 2.0-L V6 configuration.
Once the Honda aimed to continue the project, the management took the initiative and alerted the engineers that the new car should be as good as anything coming out Italy and Germany. Later, the HP=X concept developed into NS-X (New Sportscar eXperimental) prototype. Chief Designer Nicholas Zander and Chief Engineer Shigeru Uehara led a team to design a NS-X prototype and the resulting production car. The initial performance target set by the Honda for NS-X was to meet or to exceed the Ferrari 328 while still presenting the targeted dependability as well as lower price cost. Keeping in view the performance target, the team dropped the idea of using a 2.0-L V6 in NS-X and replaced it with an even powerful 3.0-L VTEC V6 engine. Both Okuyuma and Uehara studied the 360 degree visibility inside an F-16 fighter jet cockpit before finalizing the bodywork design of the NS-X. Several different technologies from had been used with mostly taken from the F1 motor-sports program.
It was the first production car ever that made use of an all aluminum monocoque body in addition to an innovative extruded aluminum alloy frame as well as suspension. The idea of using aluminum was to reduce the weight of the vehicle as it will reduce 200 kg of weight over its steel alternative. Similarly, aluminum suspension helped to reduce 20 kg of weight. Some of the other features introduced in the NS-X were: an independent, 4-channel anti-lock brake system; titanium connecting rods in the engine to permit reliable high-rpm operation; an electric power steering system; Honda’s proprietary VTEC variable valve timing system. A first electronic throttle control introduced in 1995 to Honda.
From designing to development, Honda used all available options and utilized all available resources to make its NS-X an outstanding car. Some of the popular names who helped Honda in completing project include: Japanese Formula One driver Satoru Nakajima; Brazilian Formula One World Champion Aytron Senna as well as American Bobby Rahal also played his role in the development of NS-X.
The production vehicle (NS-X) appeared for the first in February 1989 at the Chicago Auto Show and also in October 1989 at Tokyo Motor Show. The production car attracted the sports car enthusiasts and drew their attention towards its low suspension, body lines, and distinct forward cockpit. Honda revised the name of the car from NS-X to NSX before the final production and sale. The sales of the NSX open in 1990 in Japan, while the NSX started its sale under the nameplate of Acura Luxury in North America and Hong Kong in 1991.