Toyota Motor Corporation launched the mid-sized Toyota Mark X solely for the Japanese Domestic market. The first Toyota Mark X was launched in 2004 and was assembled and manufactured in the Kanegasaki plant, Iwate, Japan. A version of Toyota Mark X is also offered in China as Reiz. It is offered in two engine versions in including a 3.0-L producing 253 HP (189 kW) and a 2.5-L GR series V6, producing 212 HP (158 kW). Both the engines are offered with dual VVT-i (variable valve timing) along with gasoline direct injection (offered in Japanese models only). The all-wheel drive models come with a 5-speed automatic transmission while the rear-wheel drive models offer a 6-speed automatic transmission as standard.
The Toyota Mark X succeeds the Mark II that was originally launched in 1968 and introduced in the North American market in 1972 as the Camry Mark II and as Cressida between 1977 and 1992. Unlike Mark II that is pronounced as “Mark Two”, the Mark X isn’t pronounced as “Mark Ten” but ‘”Mark EX”. In fact Mark X is designed to offer the customers an alternative to the Camry, especially who enjoy the size of the Camry, but also like to have a front engine, rear-wheel drive powertrain that also offers an option to add all-wheel drive as well. These features were not present in the Camry.
The Mark X combines the features of many of its siblings including the Mark II, the sport oriented Toyota Chaser and the luxurious Toyota Cresta. The approach used by the company in designing the Mark X is pretty much similar to the short lived Toyota Verossa with the only difference of engines, i.e. the Verossa came with straight-6 engine while the Mark X offers V6.
Until now two generations of Marx X have been produced. The first and the second generation of Mark X were manufactured at the Motomachi Plant, Japan.
First Generation (2004-2009)
The first generation Mark X was introduced by Toyota in 2004. The Mark X is based on the platform earlier used by Toyota Crown, Lexus GS and the second generation IS Sport Sedan. However, the current X series is in fact the continuation of the previous Mark II platform, the major changes made in the engines and footwork of the car. The company dropped the previously used straight-6 engines and included GR series motor. The 2.5-L 4GR-FSE or the 3.0-L 3GR-FSE, both mated to 6-speed automatic transmission are offered. Manual transmission isn’t offered in Mark X.
The Chinese version of Mark X is offered as Reiz by the Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Corporation Ltd. The different version offered in China includes the 2.5S, 2.5V and 3.0V Premium with 2,497 cc 5GR and 2,995 cc 3GR engines.
The Supercharged version of Mark X comes with 3GR-FSE engine with an output of 316 hp (236 kW) at 6200 rpm and torque of 304 lb-ft (421 Nm) at 3200 rpm.
Second Generation (2009-Present)
The second generation, completely redesigned version of Mark X was introduced on October 19, 2009. The second generation Mark X is offered in two engine versions including, a 2.5-L 4GR-FSE V6 and a 3.5-L 2GR-FSE V6 previously used in the Crown, GS 350 and IS 350. The Standard models include the 350G, 250G and 250G Four. The Premium and Sport models include 350 S and 250 GS respectively.
Some of the prominent changes that a Mark X receives from X120 series include an elimination of the exhaust outlet diffuser, 6-speed automatic transmission for all-wheel drive models and a hinge design trunk rather than lift support.
The in-housing tuning company for Toyota, the Modellista offers a supercharger on 3.5-L 2GR-FSE V6 to achieve Mark X + M Super Charger with an impressive generation of 360 PS and 50.8 kg/m. A non-supercharged version of the Mark X called the Vertiga was also introduced by Modellista.