From December 1976 to February 1993, the Toyota Motor Corporation sold its mid-sized sedan, called the Toyota Cressida. The automobile market saw the four generations of this mid-sized sedan. Toyota Cressida was considered as the flagship sedan in the United States. In other countries, the vehicle was offered with different bodies but yet similar chassis as the Toyota Mark II, Toyota Chaser and Toyota Cresta. In 1992, the name Cressida was dropped from Toyota’s lineup, however, the Mark II, Chaser and Cresta remained in production using the same chassis in Japan up to 2000. The name Cressida dropped in Australia in 1993. At present, Toyota Mark X is known to be the successor of the Cressida.
The Cressida was offered in several body styles and engine variants such as a 6-cylinder G-series, M-series and the 4-cylinder R-series gasoline engines. The 4-cylinder L series diesel engine was also offered.
The name of the Vehicle Cressida is derived taken from the William Shakespeare’s play Troilus and Cressida.
First Generation (X30, X40; 1976–1980)
The first generation Cressida (X30 series) was offered as a sedan (X30, X32), estate wagon (X35, X36) or hardtop coupe (X30, X31). In the Japanese market, the vehicle was marketed under the name Mark II and the upscale Cressida model. The Cressida was offered as sedan and wagon in United Kingdom.
The Cressida was offered with the 4M carbureted engine (MX32, MX36), the 18R engine (RX30, RX32, and RX35) or 3T engine (TX30). In North American market, it was offered with carbureted 4M engine (MX32) which was replaced with fuel injected 4M-E in 1978.
Second Generation (X50, X60; 1980–1984)
The coupe version was dropped in second generation Cressida lineup, while it still continued with the most current body styling trends for sedan and wagon. The larger engine was introduced in the second generation Cressida equipped with electronic fuel injection. The 1981 models received 5M-E followed by a 5M-GE DOHC engine.
The vehicle was reassembled in New Zealand receiving 2-L, four-cylinder petrol engine mated to 5-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission as optional.
Third Generation (X70; 1984–1988)
The third generation Cressida was launched as 1985 model year in 1984. It was essentially a MX73 (MX72 for wagon). Although, it received the same 5M-GE engine, a knock sensor was added to detect the pre-ignition and tuned the timing when lower-grade fuel was used. The third generation Cressida received an entirely new body style that was larger and aerodynamic compared to the previous models. The automatic transmission was replaced by the A340E that was offered with 7M-GE and Lexus IUZ-FE engine at that time. In 1987, the production of wagon was dropped.
Fourth Generation (X80; 1988–1992) (1988-1996 in Middle East)
The fourth generation Cressida was even larger than the previous three generation. The 1989 model year was announced in 1988 as the MX83. It was also the final generation that was introduced in the North American market.
A new semi-lock transmission was added as standard. A new powerful 3.0-L Toyota 7M-GE engine was another prominent addition that was capable of generating 190 horsepower (140 kW) at 6000 rpm and 185 ft-lb (250 Nm) at 4800 rpm.
In the Middle East, the Cressida was available with 2.4-L Toyota 22R engine, producing 108 hp (81 kW) at 6000 rpm and with 2.8-L Toyota 5M engine capable of producing 103 kW at 4800 rpm and 226 Nm at 3600 rpm.