Toyota has given the name Celica to its coupe lineup. The company has taken the word ‘Celica’ from the Latin word ‘coelica’ means ‘heavenly’ or ‘celestial’.
Since its first production model, the Celica has been entertained with a range of different four-cylinder engines. Initially, the car had a rear-wheel drive layout which was later shifted to front-wheel drive around 1985. Different versions of Toyota’s R series engines were used in the first three generations of Celica marketed in the American automotive market. The All-Trac in United States or GT-Four in markets other than US was a four-wheel drive turbocharged model manufactured between 1986 and 1999. In the latter half of 1997, the company introduced its Variable Valve Timing system in Japanese models. This system was offered as optional till 2000, when it was officially become standard in all the production models.
The Toyota Celica went through seven generations and each generation received a considerable amount of restyling, redesigning, modifications and revisions. One such example was Toyota Celica Supra commonly known as Toyota Supra. Toyota Celica was offered as a notchback, liftback and convertible.
First Generation / A20/35 Series (1970–1977)
The first generation Celica was introduced in 1970 in Japan as an easily manageable alternative to Toyota’s sportscar, the 2000GT. In 1972, the company launched the Celica GTV powered by 2T-G engine and had relatively firmer suspension. The first liftback version of Celica was introduced in Japan in April 1973 as the RA25 and TA27. Because of its resemblance to the Ford Mustang pony car, it was often referred to as Japanese Mustang or the Mustang Celica. The entire Celica lineup received facelift models in October 1975.
Second Generation / A40 Series (1977–1981)
The second generation Celica was offered as coupe and liftback in late 1977 as 1998 model. The US Company Griffith presented with Targa style convertible conversion or semi convertible called the SunChaser in 1979. A year later, Toyota introduced Mark I Toyota Supra under the name Toyota Celica XX. Second generation Celica models were divided into two series, Series A Celica models (1978-1979) with round headlights and Series B Celica models (1979-1981) with square headlights. Toyota Celica Camry was also introduced in 1980.
Third Generation / A60 Series (1981–1985)
The third generation Celica appeared in 1981 as coupe, liftback and convertible. SV, ST, ST-EFI, SX, GT and GT Rally were the different trims levels offered at the time. The third generation Celica in North America received a 2.4 L 22-R or 22R-E engine while the Japanese models received a 1.6 liter 2T, 1.8 liter 3T and 1S, and 2.0 liter 18R-G.
Fourth Generation / T160 Series (1985–1989)
The fourth generation Celica was completely a redesigned model with an angular body, front-wheel drive equipped with a range of new 2.0 L four-cylinder engines appeared for the first time in 1985. The ‘ultimate Celica’, the GT-Four (ST165) introduced in 1986. In 1987, the export of GT-Four started and sold in North America as All-Trac. In the same year, new-generation convertible was also launched as ST162C.
Fifth Generation / T180 Series (1989–1993)
The 1990 model year was launched in 1989 as the fifth generation model of Celica. The fifth generation Celica received a lot of restyling including Super Round organic styling, upgraded wheels and tires along with a more powerful GT-Four. GT-Four A with widened body and convertible were also introduced by Toyota in the Japanese listings of Celica in August 1990 followed by a face-lifted model of fifth generation Celica in 1991.
Sixth Generation / T200 Series (1993–1999)
The Toyota launched its sixth generation Celica in October 1993. ST and GT trim levels were offered in North American market as 1994 model. However, an optional Sports Package was offered with GT trim to offer GT-S like experience. SS-I and SS-II were the models which were offered in the Japanese domestic market. In 1994, ST205 GT-Four was introduced followed by a Convertible in the latter half of 1994.
Seventh Generation / T230 series (1999–2006)
In last half of 1994, Toyota introduced the seventh generation Celica. The seventh generation Celica was pretty much like a XYR concept. This model was offered in two variants including: the ZZT230 equipped with an economical 1.8 L 4-cylinder 140 hp (104 kW) 1ZZ-FE engine and the ZZT231 equipped with a higher-performance 1.8 L 4-cylinder 190 hp (142 kW) in European and Japanese 2ZZ-GE version, developed in collaboration with Yamaha. The production of the Celica was discontinued on April 21, 2006.