Mitsubishi Galant (Mitsubishi Colt Galant)

Zaheer June 21, 2011 0


Mitsubishi Galant is one of the oldest cars produced by Mitsubishi since 1969. The term ‘Galant’ is a French word for ‘chivalrous’. Since 1969, Mitsubishi Galant has been in its ninth generation with cumulative sales exceeding five million worldwide. Initially, Galant started as a compact sedan but later it took the form of larger mid-sized vehicle. In the beginning, it was only assembled in Japan, but later in 1994, a plant has been established in Normal, Illinois in United States named Diamond-Star Motors (DSM) to fulfill the demands of US market.

First Generation (1969-1973)

The first generation Galant was introduced in December 1969 by Mitsubishi as Colt Galant. Three different models were offered all of which were equipped with a new ‘Saturn’ engine, i.e. 1.3-L (AI model) or 1.5-L (AII and AIII models). In September 1971, the larger 1.4-L and 1.6-L versions took over the previous engines. In January 1973, another larger 1.7-L engine added in the lineup. In the beginning, it was offered only as 4-door sedan, but later in 1970, a 5-door estate and 2-door hardtop were also released. In 1970, the fastback coupe model named the Galant GTO was introduced which was equipped with Saturn engines.

In 1971, a second compact coupe named the Galant FTO was released with 12 cm shortened wheelbase and came with 4G41 1.4-L engine.

It was also sold as Dodge Colt in United States by Chrysler and as Chrysler Valiant Galant in Australia by Chrysler Corporation, a partner and stakeholder for Mitsubishi.

Second Generation (1973-1976)

Like the previous model, the second generation Galant was also sold by Chrysler under different names in different markets, such as Dodge Colt in US, Plymouth Colt and Plymouth Cricket in Canada, Colt Galant in Europe and Chrysler Valiant Galant in Australia.

The 1850 cc engine coupe was manufactured at Porirua, New Zealand by Todd Motors. The second generation Galant was introduced in 1973 with a curvy, rounded styling featuring large Astron’ engines generating 125 PS. The first Astron 80 engines were released in some markets with the Mitsubishi’s new ‘Silent Shaft’ balance shaft technology.

Third Generation (1976-1980)

In 1976, the third generation Galant was launched as Galant ? (Sigma). However, it was still marketed in many export markets simply as Galant. The Dodge Colt in United States became Mitsubishi Lancer, while the Galant Wagon was offered in US and Canada as Dodge Colt by now. In Australia it was marketed as Chrysler Sigma until the company was taken over Mitsubishi. Later, it was marketed as Mitsubishi Sigma.

In 1976, a 2-door coupe was launched as a replacement of Galant GTO. In home market, it was sold as Galant ? (Lambda). The coupe version was introduced in United States in 1978 and sold until 1980 as Dodge Challenger and Plymouth Sapporo. The Galant received a MCA-Jet engine with integrated ‘Jet Valve’.

Fourth Generation (1980-1987)

The fourth generation Galant was in fact an iteration of the previous Galant Sigma/Eterna Sigma that brought with it many new innovations. The ‘Sirius’ engine was now available with turbocharged version for those who looked for some performance rides. Similarly, there was an ‘Astron’ 4D55 diesel engine as well, the first diesel engine used in any Japanese passenger car. Some versions of gasoline Astron engine also received a new electronic fuel injection system.

In 1980, the 2-door coupe was redesigned and offered for sale in 1983. In Japan, the fourth generation model continued to be sold as Galant ?/Eterna ?, while in Australia it became Mitsubishi Scorpion and in United States sold as Dodge Challenger and Plymouth Sapporo.

Fifth Generation (1983-1992)

The fifth generation Galant was available as front-wheel, 4-door sedan and hardtop. It was introduced in 1983and led the basis for the 1985 Mitsubishi Magna in Australia. In United States, the fifth generation model was marketed as Mitsubishi Sigma till 1990. The different trim levels available in export market include GL (with 1.6L or 1.8L engines) and GLS (with 2.0-L engines). A 1.8-L Sirius turbodiesel engine was also an option.

Sixth Generation (1987-1993)

The sixth generation model appeared in 1987. Mitsubishi Motors established a new facility in Barcelona, Venezuela in 1991 and Galant was the first vehicle manufactured here. The different trim levels of sixth generation model including the ZX, MF, MS and MX were sold with a wide range of transmission options until 1994. In 1988, a new hardtop version was added in the lineup as Mitsubishi Eterna, replacing the Sigma designation. This version was marketed in Canada as Dodge 2000GTX and Eagle 2000GTX.

Seventh Generation (1994-1998)

The seventh generation Galant was introduced in 1992 as 1994 model year in United States. It was offered as 4-door sedan and 5-door liftback, where sedan was only available in United States. In 1992, the only hardtop, Mitsubishi Emeraude was offered in Japan.

Lancer Evolution being the approved rally car for Mitsubishi, the seventh generation VR-4 version appeared to be less sporty with 2.0-L V6 twin turbo engine.

Eighth Generation (1999-2003)

The eighth generation was launched by Mitsubishi Motors as 1996 model. In eighth generation, the liftback was removed from the lineup and new station wagon was introduced as Mitsubishi Legnum. In Latin America, the new Galant was marketed under the MX and MF names.

Ninth Generation (2004-Present)

The ninth generation US sourced version was based on the PS platform model introduced for the first time on October 15, 2003. It was revealed at the New York International Auto Show as 2004 model year. The ninth generation model is offered in limited number of countries including United States, Puerto Rico, Russia, Ukraine and Arabia.

The ninth generation model receives a 4-cylinder, 2.4-L 4G69 engine, an updated version of previous 4G64 design, boosting the engine power from 140 to 160 horsepower. Also, the V6 3.0-L is replaced by the 3.8-L engine.

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